Tramadol is a pain reliever that is used to treat moderate to severe pain, such as pain after surgery. Chronic pain is treated with extended-release capsules or tablets. Tramadol is an opioid analgesic, which means it relieves pain. It relieves pain by acting on the central nervous system (CNS). When tramadol is taken for an extended period of time, it may become a habit, leading to mental or physical dependency. People with chronic pain, on the other hand, should not be discouraged from taking opioids to alleviate their pain because they are afraid of becoming addicted. When drugs are taken for this reason, mental dependency (addiction) is unlikely to develop. If therapy is abruptly discontinued, physical dependency may result in withdrawal symptoms. Severe withdrawal adverse effects, on the other hand, may generally be avoided by gradually decreasing the dosage over time until therapy is entirely discontinued.

This medication is only accessible via the Opioid Analgesic REMS (Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy) programme, which is a limited distribution scheme. The following dose formulations are available for this product:

  1. Extended-Release Capsule
  2. Solution
  3. Tablet
  4. Extended-Release Tablet
  5. 24 Hour Extended Release Capsule
  6. Suspension

Important warning regarding usage of tramadol

Tramadol has the potential to become addictive, particularly if used for an extended period of time. Tramadol should be taken precisely as prescribed. Do not take more of it, take it more often, or take it in any other manner than your doctor has prescribed. Discuss your pain treatment objectives, duration of therapy, and alternative methods to control your pain with your health care practitioner while taking tramadol. Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family consumes or has consumed excessive quantities of alcohol, uses or has used street drugs, has misused prescription medicines, has had an overdose, or has suffered from depression or another mental disease. If you have or have previously had any of these diseases, you are more likely to misuse tramadol. If you believe you may develop an opioid addiction, go to your doctor right away and ask for advice.

Tramadol may induce severe or life-threatening respiratory difficulties, particularly in the first 24 to 72 hours of therapy and when the dosage is raised. Throughout your therapy, your doctor will keep a close eye on you. If you have or have ever experienced delayed breathing or asthma, tell your doctor. Tramadol is likely to be prescribed by your doctor as a no-no. Also inform your doctor if you have or have had had lung illness, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of disorders that affect the lungs and airways), a head injury, a brain tumour, or any other condition that causes your brain pressure to rise. If you’re an older adult or are weak or malnourished due to illness, you’re more likely to have breathing difficulties. Slowed breathing, lengthy gaps between breaths, or shortness of breath are all signs that you should contact your doctor right away or seek emergency medical attention.

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